There is a lot of new research and information coming out about probiotics; the under-appreciated beneficial bacteria that helps regulate everything from our digestive and immune system to our genetic expression and even our emotions and personalities. Perhaps you have heard how 90% of the DNA within the human body is actually bacterial. Our body has been compared to the Earth with as much biodiversity of micro-organisms as there are plant and animal species on this planet.
We are also learning just how much we have messed with this biodiversity. Just as plants and animals are becoming endangered as a result of human activities, our own inner ecology is suffering from a lack of biodiversity - which results in the decline of our health. Our enthusiastic war on germs for the last 150 years has not exactly resulted in the eradication of all disease as we thought it would.
So we try to do better, we are taking our probiotics and have all kinds of smelly fermentation experiments cluttering our kitchen counters. We've mastered making yogurt and conquered kefir and kombucha. But there is one important microbial ecosystem we may be forgetting: our skin.
Having a diverse population of beneficial microbes on our skin can help protect us from major infections from pathogens such as viruses which produce warts, yeast that causes thrush, fungal infections such as jock-itch and athlete's foot, as well as staph bacteria that infects wounds. But we sterilize our skin each and every day with a simple hot shower using chlorinated water and it's not always the good bacteria that re-colonizes first.
Here are some simple suggestions on how you can promote healthy skin bacteria:
1. Get dirty - Don't be afraid to get some soil bacteria on your skin. Your resident bacteria remain healthier if they are challenged by soil based organisms. Certainly wash your hands before eating or after using the bathroom so you can keep pathogens out of your gut system but there is no need to keep your skin sterilized. It will actually improve your immunity to get a little dirty on occasion. Just keep any cuts or abrasions clean and protected.
2. Shower less - We Americans shower way more than is necessary for personal hygiene. Every time you shower or bathe, all those good bacteria get washed down the drain. Two or three showers per week should be adequate for most adults. Think you stink? Try using a natural deodorant (not an anti-perspirant) more often. Or change your diet as junk food will definitely affect your personal odor.
3. Swim in lakes and rivers - Pools use chlorine to kill micro-organisms and keep them from growing in the pool so they will kill your resident skin flora as well. Lakes and rivers however have a more balanced ecosystem with competing micro-organisms present to maintain the environment. Avoid any stagnant water (obviously) and use these tips
to protect yourself from potential pathogens in popular swimming areas but overall taking a quick dip in a lake or river is better for your skin than a pool.
4. Use a bathrobe - Don't we all have that ugly old comfy bathrobe that we adore? I know I do. I wear it every day when I get out of bed and it doesn't go in the laundry as often as my clothes do so chances are my skin bacteria live on it too, which may sound gross but it's a good thing because that old robe is the perfect clothing item to put on after a shower or bath if you want to re-seed your skin flora. You can shower less but you will need to shower at some point so wear your comfy old robe with pride!
5. Ditch the antibacterial soaps - Washing with regular soap and warm water eliminates pathogens just as well as (if not better than) special antibacterial soaps without destroying your skin flora or encouraging mutated drug-resistant germs
. If you tend to have dry skin you may even consider going without the soap and using just water and a scrubbing washcloth to preserve your skin's natural oils that help keep you moisturized. The extra scrubbing is good for circulation too!
6. Use a shower filter - Chlorine is a great way to keep pathogens out of our water but gassing yourself with chlorine gas every morning won't do much for your health. Do your skin and lungs a favor and use a good shower filter like this one
7. Use a probiotic wash - When skin flora gets out of balance you can help restore it by using a probiotic wash. Dilute two tablespoons of plain yogurt in 2 cups of warm water. After showering, use the diluted yogurt as a wash for areas of irritated skin. For maximum effect, let your skin air dry rather than toweling off. The lactobacillus bacteria in the yogurt will discourage pathogen growth and help restore the proper pH balance to your skin.
Moisturize from the inside out - Most lotions and other skin care products contain antibacterial substances along with alcohol which is both antibacterial and also drying to the skin. Lotion is only a temporary fix anyway. If you can't keep your skin from drying out you need to drink more water and get more fats and oils on the inside, not the outside. Try increasing your intake of healthy oils like coconut, olive and sesame. And stop avoiding those yummy saturated fats that have been demonized for the last 100 years. Your great-great-grandmother ate butter and lard sandwiches and stayed slim and heart healthy. Rates of obesity and heart disease haven't exactly declined since we started cutting these foods out, have they?
9. Snuggle - That's right, snuggle! Get close and personal with those that you love. Especially if they have healthy skin! You share your skin bacteria with those around you, including pets. Which is a good incentive to focus on improving your whole family's health habits too.
10. Get outside - Whenever a mom asks me how she can help her baby get rid of a diaper rash, the advice is always, "Get them naked outside in the sun!" Now, I'm not suggesting you go streaking the neighborhood or move away to a nudist camp but getting those sensitive skin areas exposed to the elements in more discreet ways will certainly help. If sun exposure makes your skin more itchy though, take it as a sign that there is too much waste material in your blood stream and you need to do some deeper cleansing. Talk to your favorite naturopath on the best ways to do that!
To Your (Skin) Health, Everyone!
Wishing Jo and Bruce the best in their retirement!
This June 21st will mark the 4th anniversary of opening the doors to Elder & Sage, our family-owned herb and remedies shop. Back in 2010 when I first sat down with my parents to discuss opening a business together I don't think any of us could have imagined how things would have happened. In just six short months we left our long term employers, moved four generations of family members from two different cities and started our own business. Since then I have worked with over 500 clients and customers. It has been quite a ride!
My parents are now ready to retire and they deserve it. After 45 years of employment in various retail positions throughout the country – it's time. So, this year I have had some very hard thinking to do:
Could I run both the shop and do my naturopathic consultations?
Is the shop capable of supporting outside employees?
Can I afford to invest the time required to own and operate a retail store?
Perhaps you can see where this might be going. The truth of the matter is my answer to all of these questions is “no”. I love having the shop to work out of but the time investment to manage it on my own is just not feasible. I feel that the time spent managing a retail store would detract from my ability to consult with and research for my clients which is my first priority. I just cannot do it without Mom and Dad.
So, on Friday, May 22nd the shop portion of Elder & Sage will be closing. The business name, website, and Facebook page will continue to be run by me but only for the purposes of my natural health consultations and client education. I will be moving my office into my home and my husband will be handling his CSA and herd-share delivery service out of our home as well. I will maintain relationships with some of our current vendors to supply my clients with the supplements they need and may be able to offer certain product (such as essential oils) through this website at a later date.
Please know that if you have had a health consultation with me in the past or would like to set one up, I will continue to be available for appointments out of my home or by phone/Skype, and email – that will not change. I will be happy to direct you to sources for any of the supplements and retail items you have come to rely on. I will also continue to teach at the Naturopathic Institute of Therapies and Education in Mt. Pleasant and take on students and interns for apprenticeships when I am able. I also hope to offer more classes in the future so stay tuned for that.
The good news is, in many ways I will become more available than before as I attempt to blend my career and home life more seamlessly. So I like to think of this transition as an exciting new adventure and I look forward to continuing our work together on promoting and improving your health. Please feel free to contact me using the updated contact form above. Thank you so much for your loyalty and support these past four years and your continued support as we make this important life transition.
To Your Health!
Breastfeeding eczema is a term I came up with to describe those babies that have eczema even though they are exclusively breastfed, which has been reported to reduce the risk of childhood eczema and doesn't seem to make logical sense if breastmilk is the best food for infants.
As a Naturopath, I have worked with many clients over the past 10 years on this issue and have had some success and some failures. It is a difficult issue so I want to cover what I know all in one post for reference.
Recently I came across an article that suggested that breastfeeding for the first two years of life was found to prevent atopic dermatitis in infants if the mother did not have allergies or asthma. Results were not significant in mothers with allergies and there was no protection if the mother had asthma. So we have here the confirmation that the infant's eczema is related to the mother's health.
Dr. Natasha Campbell-McBride, author of the book Gut & Psychology Syndrome describes the connection as such:
"Babies are born with an immature immune system. Establishment of normal gut flora in the first 20 or so days of life plays a crucial role in appropriate maturation of the baby's immunity. As these children acquire abnormal gut flora (from their mothers) they are left immune-compromised."
This gut dysbiosis leads to a damaged gut wall and toxins, microbes and undigested foods enter the body causing physical problems in the child such as eczema and asthma.
I believe that the connection may go a little bit deeper. In a mother with a compromised gut system and intestinal permeability there are undigested proteins and endotoxins from pathogenic forms of bacteria leaking into her bloodstream. Her immune system actively works to eliminate these pathogens. These immune compounds such as histamine, cytokines, etc. get into her breastmilk. Because the mother's body is training the infant's immune system through her breast milk the baby's immature immune system responds to the cascade of immune complexes resulting in the eczema. Even if the baby itself does not have poor gut bacteria and intestinal permeability, their body reacts as if it does due to the mother's immune complexes in her milk. This causes inflammation and irritation that may result in further health complications. I do not currently have studies to support this theory but I will continue my informal research to see what I can find.
These are the characteristics I see from these children:
- Itchy skin that weeps a clear fluid or bleeds if scratched
- Skin itching worse at night causing poor sleep
- Tiny bumps covering the scalp, face, back, stomach, legs, arms etc.
- Thick patches of white or yellowish secretions under armpits and on scalp
- Skin is dry all over the body and papery thin although the hair and scalp may be greasy
- Redness may concentrate on the cheeks or around the mouth
- Child also suffers from poor weight gain and nutritional deficiencies
- Constipation, colic, reflux and other digestive upsets may occur
- Food sensitivities to multiple foods including when mother eats them and breastfeeds the baby
- Child may be irritable and cranky depending on the severity of the skin condition
- Mother has a history of digestive problems, food sensitivities, allergies, or asthma
- Eczema may reduce if weaned or they may grow out of it as the child matures
- Steroid creams and topical applications offer temporary and minor relief
- Moisture is not retained in the skin
- Older siblings may share skin issues, food sensitivities, asthma or allergies but often to a more mild degree
I have worked with many clients as a GAPS Practitioner through the GAPS diet in trying to heal the mother's gut dysbiosis. There has been some success with this approach depending on the severity of the mother's issues. Mothers who have other complications such as glandular imbalances due to gut dysbiosis will often have a harder time.
I am suspicious that the severity of this problem and the drastic increases in numbers may also have other environmental factors influencing it.
I have been following the potential impacts of the following:
- Genetically modified foods
- Increase in Pesticides in food and the environment
- Flame Retardants in clothing and bedding
- Overuse of Antibiotics
I have started an online support group through Facebook
for parents so that I can more thoroughly research the common factors tied to this issue. I also hope it will help provide parents with ideas for ways to cope with symptoms.
To Your Health,
Soapwort (Saponaria officianalis)
One of my interns, Katie, wanted to share this recipe using dried soapwort root as an All-Purpose cleanser. Soapwort (Saponaria officianalis) has been used historically as a gentle cleanser due to its high content of saponins. This all-purpose cleanser can be used as a body wash, facial cleanser, shampoo or even a laundry detergent and is great for those with multiple chemical sensitization, eczema, psoriasis, and other skin sensitivities.
Basic Soapwort All-Purpose Cleanser
2 cups distilled water
1 1/2 tablespoons soapwort (dried and chopped)
2 teaspoons lemon verbena or fresh herb of choice (optional)
A few drops of lavender or essential oil of choice (optional)
Bring the water to a boil. Stir in the soapwort root, cover and simmer over medium low heat for 20 minutes.
Remove from heat and add fresh herb if using and steep for an additional 10 minutes.
Let cool. Strain with cheesecloth and add essential oil if using.
Pour into a squeeze bottle.
Store in a dark cool place for up to 10 days. Makes enough for 6-7 uses.
Tip: You can strengthen the solution by adding more root or weaken it by adding more water.
To Your Health!
Let's just put it simply, shall we? Feel free to share this photo and let's get the message out loud and clear.
This is a quote f
rom the Institute for Responsible Technology:
"Gluten-related disorders are commonly accompanied by and possibly triggered by intestinal permeability, which is commonly referred to as “leaky gut.”
Leaky gut occurs when gaps form between intestinal cells and large particles from the digestive tract enter the bloodstream, potentially triggering immune or allergic reactions. The Bt-toxin produced by genetically modified corn kills insects by punching holes in their digestive tracts, and a 2012 study confirmed that it punctures holes in human cells as well.
Bt-toxin is present in every kernel of Bt corn, survives human digestion, and has been detected in the blood of 93% of pregnant women tested and 80% of their unborn fetuses.
This “hole-punching toxin” may be a critical piece of the puzzle in understanding gluten-related disorders." http://responsibletechnology.org/glutenintroduction
So if you don't want to risk having your intestines look like Swiss cheese please avoid non-organic corn products and let's get GMO's out of our food!
To Your Health!
Just as the nutrients in the soil must be properly prepared by microorganisms living around the rootlets of a great tree, so too must our body rely on gut bacteria for optimal health. Here I will attempt to describe this intricate system and how it functions both in balance and out of balance.
The small intestine is about 21 feet in length for the average adult but it's not a smooth tube on the inside. If you were to cut open a section it would look like a shag carpet on the inside. There are thousands of finger-like projections called villi. The cells lining these villi (called enterocytes) also have microscopic finger-like projections called microvilli. The folds, villi, and microvilli increase the surface area within the small intestine several times over so that if you were able to take an iron and flatten it all out it would cover the surface area of a tennis court. Within the small intestine, larger food particles are broken down by enzymes on the surface of the microvilli into smaller molecules which are able to go into the cells lining the intestinal wall and then through them into the bloodstream. Many of these microscopic particles such as glucose, peptides, amino acids, and fatty acids will be used as energy for the body. Other molecules such as vitamins and minerals from food will help support other mechanisms within the body.
A healthy gut system.
There is a thin layer of mucus that protects the enterocytes lining the digestive tract. There are also billions of bacteria living within the digestive tract that helps to break down our food. Some forms of bacteria are beneficial and produce metabolites such as B-vitamins and Vitamin K as a waste product. Our body can utilize these metabolites and vitamins to keep us healthy. In this way we have a symbiotic relationship with these bacteria, which means a mutually beneficial relationship. But there are other organisms living within our digestive tracts that are opportunistic pathogens. They don't normally create much of a problem but can become disease producing if they are allowed to overgrow or multiply beyond a rate that the beneficial bacteria can compete. We also swallow pathogens on a regular basis but once again the beneficial bacteria act as a support to our immune system by keeping these competing organisms in check.
Due to multiple environmental factors including overuse of antibiotics, pesticides, prescription drugs, genetically modified foods, stress and poor dietary habits - the ratio of beneficial bacteria to pathogenic bacteria can become out of balance. Unlike beneficial bacteria, pathogenic forms do not create B-vitamins and helpful metabolites. Instead they secrete exotoxins, chemicals that are irritating and damaging to the cells lining the digestive tract. The body tries to protect itself by overproducing mucus which puts a physical barrier between the intestinal cells and the bacteria. However, it also puts a barrier between your food and the enzymes needed to complete their digestion. This is an ideal situation for the pathogenic bacteria as they are allowed to continue feeding and to continue producing their exotoxins. This begins the vicious cycle that can lead to gut dysbiosis: a gut system that is out of balance. Lactose intolerance, gas production, bloating, flatulence, heartburn, and burping may all be early signs of gut dysbiosis. Post nasal drip and constant congestion may also be a sign that your body is overproducing mucus to dilute exotoxins from the digestive tract.
Gut dysbiosis, a gut system out of balance.
As the bacteria continue to multiply and the exotoxins continue damaging cell health, the mucosal glands may not be able to keep up production, which can leave the enterocytes exposed. This is where damaging proteins such as gluten (more appropriately gliadin) can become a real problem as the body's immune response to gliadin causes the villi to flatten and destroys the tight junctions between the intestinal cells.
Leaky gut is the term most commonly used to describe this intestinal permeability. Now bacterial exotoxins and undigested proteins are able to leak through the gut wall into the surrounding capillaries. The body does not recognize these undigested proteins as food as so antibodies attach to them and mark them for destruction by white blood cells. The resulting cascade of immune response can result in symptoms such as rash, itching, sneezing, headache, fatigue, lethargy, etc. These signs of food sensitivity can also progress and become a food allergy. The immune system may also confuse some of these undigested proteins with our own body tissue in a process called molecular mimicry which may be a cause or contributing factor to auto-immune disorders such as Psoriasis, Rheumatoid Arthritis, Crohn's disease, Sjogren syndrome, Lichen sclerosus, Hashimoto's Thyroiditis, Diabetes and more.
Everything that leaks through the intestinal wall goes to the liver. The liver's job is to convert the toxins and package them for removal from the body. Once the flow of toxins increases the liver becomes overwhelmed with its detoxification efforts. Toxins may spill back into the bloodstream causing further damage in other parts of the body. The kidneys, bladder, lungs and skin may be affected. Nutrient deficiencies can also contribute to the liver's inability to properly detoxify.
The key then to restoring health lies not in treating the symptoms with either herbs or pharmaceutical drugs but in addressing the underlying factor of gut dysbiosis. The GAPS Nutritional Protocol is designed to seal and heal the gut lining and balance out the microorganisms within the digestive tract. This allows the detoxification mechanisms within the body to return to optimal function and for the body to heal itself once nutrient absorption improves.
To find out more how the GAPS nutritional protocol can help restore your health please contact us to make an appointment.
To Your Health!
Could simple exercises that train your brain actually improve your gut health? The answer is a definite "yes" according to Dr. Datis Kharrazian, DHSc, DC, MNeuroSc, author of Why Isn’t My Brain Working?
and a new book coming soon called Gluten, Leaky Gut and Autoimmunity
In a recent interview with Sean Croxton from Underground Wellness as a part of his Digestion Session series still going on this week Dr. Kharrazian talked about the brain-gut axis, not to be confused with the gut-brain axis.
“One of the most neglected things that I think most practitioner’s don’t understand, whether they’re conventional or alternative, is that there’s this brain-to-gut axis.”
Dr. Kharrazian explains that some of what we may assume to be traditional gut disorders may in fact be a type of neuro-degenerative disease that starts in the gut. And the way to determine if a digestive disorder is brain-based is to look for motility issues.
“Motility means how you move foods; when you eat something and how you have a bowel movement.” says Dr. Kharrazian. “Do you have constipation, do you have to drink coffee to have a bowel movement, do you have to take magnesium or some kind of laxative to have regular bowel movements? If you do, that could very well be a brain-to-gut axis issue.”
Slow motility then becomes the trigger for chronic digestive issues such as SIBO (small intestinal bacterial overgrowth), H. Pylori infections, Intestinal Permeability and eventually auto-immune disorders.
You can have your doctor check for whether or not you have a motility problem or you can check yourself by two simple methods:
- Using a stethoscope, listen to the abdomen for regular and active bowel sounds. If you can hear gurgling going on a lot, your motility is probably fine. But if there are very few sounds or they are few and far between, you may have a motility issue.
- In the mirror open your mouth wide and say “Ahhhh”. The back of your throat should arch up high on either side of your uvula when you sing out the note. If one side goes higher than the other or neither side moves, you may have a motility issue. Additionally, if you have an exaggerated gag reflex it may be a sign of dysfunction in the brain-to-gut axis.
So here are some simple exercises Dr. Kharrazian recommends to re-train your brain for better bowel health.Gargling
- Gargling with water stimulates the vagus nerve which helps bring blood flow to the gut. Dr. Kharrazian suggests gargling forcefully with water several times a day. If you’re doing it right, he says, you may even start to have tears come to your eyes. This is because it also stimulates an area of the brain right next to the vagus nerve called the the superior salivatory nucleus, which causes you to tear. You may need to start with a small amount of water and gargle for a short period of time but slowly building up the duration and intensity will exercise those neurons and strengthen them.Induce Your Gag Reflex
- Using disposable tongue depressors, press on the the back of your tongue just enough to induce your gag reflex. Be careful not to go too far into the back of the throat to cause injury. Stimulating the gag reflex may also cause you to tear up which is once again a sign that you have stimulated your vagus nerve.Coffee Enema
- Most people who have heard of coffee enemas will know that they are used for detoxification. But Dr. Kharrazian suggests using a strong coffee enema daily so the caffeine in the coffee will stimulate something called the gastrointestinal nicotinic cholinergic receptors which encourage gut motility. If you are using a strong enough concentration of caffeine you should get the urge to have a bowel movement. Then he says you need to suppress your urge to eliminate for as long as possible.
“As they suppress their urge they’re firing their frontopontine vagal enteric axis. If they keep doing that, they build endurance and they start to regain their brain-gut axis.”Sing
- Another way to stimulate the vagal muscles at the back of the throat is to sing really loudly, which is probably the easiest and most fun of all the other suggestions!
If you are interested in learning more about what the top experts in digestive health recommend, I suggest you check out the Digestion Sessions
. I’m learning so much and I’m excited to be able to pass some of this info on to you!
To Your Health!Kathryn
I finally did it! I have been working on a project now for the last 2-3 years of creating a children's book to try and explain gut dysbiosis to kids. I've finally finished it!
It's a bit rough. Right now I have it in a powerpoint presentation to show clients (a few of you may have already seen some of my rough draft version). I like to read the story to my kid clients and their parents to help them understand what gut dysbiosis is and why it affects their health. I've also printed off the powerpoint slides to make a little coloring book.
As much as I'd love to get this published I think I'm happy just being able to use it for right now! I've posted a few pictures from the storyline for your enjoyment. What do you think?
To Your Health!
As a GAPS Practitioner I come across a lot of people that will say, "Yeah, I tried the GAPS diet but it was just too hard." or "I don't think I could ever do that." or even sometimes, "I tried it for a couple of months but it didn't work for me." It seems that some people will come to me for a consultation hoping that I have some other easier approach, a quick fix that doesn't involve major dietary changes. But let me tell you, if there was a quick fix for gut dysbiosis, I would be shouting it from the rooftops!
The truth is - it is really difficult to heal the digestive tract once it has been damaged to the extent that it leads to food sensitivities, allergies, auto-immune disorders, chronic digestive disturbance, and psychological issues. Gut dysbiosis is like the pebble that triggered an avalanche. The longer it goes on the worse it gets and the harder it is to recover fully. Sure you can dabble with a gluten and dairy-free diet for a while; just avoid those foods that seem to aggravate your symptoms; or save the sweets for the weekends and rare occasions - but every day you put off fully dealing with gut dysbiosis is another day of damage that leads to nutrient deficiencies that will at some point lead to something really serious, maybe life threatening.
The other day I met with a client that had just completed the minimum two-year healing protocol of GAPS for her IBS (Irritable Bowel Syndrome). She had tried other diets which gave her some relief but since starting the GAPS diet she had zero episodes of intense cramping, pain and diarrhea. Until then she had been having 4 episodes a week. After asking her some detailed questions about her levels of energy, bowel habits, quality of sleep, etc. I gave her the green light on trying to re-incorporate some foods that are illegal on the GAPS diet. While she was relieved to be able to expand her repertoire she, like many others who have successfully completed GAPS, didn't feel the diet had been that difficult overall. The initial planning and changing of habits had been the most difficult part.
Most clients struggle with die-off reactions within the first few months but soon all cravings for sugar and carbohydrates will cease. Suddenly you can go to a potluck and not feel crazy with desire for all the sugary desserts. You can feel satiated with each meal and watch as your health and vitality begin to recover.
I've come to the conclusion that when it comes to health issues - it's good to be boring. What we are looking for with the GAPS nutritional protocol is to restore some resilience to the digestive functions. You should be able to eat some birthday cake and ice cream once in a while without suffering. You should be able to travel to a foreign country without feeling so fatigued that you sleep for several days after returning home. You should be able to eat real pizza! The GAPS nutritional protocol has the ability to restore your quality of life if you are only brave enough to do it! What is harder? Suffering for decades and slowly getting worse or a couple of years of discipline for a lifetime of health?
That being said, there are those out there that have legitimately tried the GAPS diet and not felt better right away. There are complications that can make a quick recovery unlikely such as hormonal imbalances. That's why having a GAPS Practitioner to help you navigate the ups and downs can be so valuable.
With each client I learn how complicated the effects of gut dysbiosis can be. Sometimes we have to get creative with herbal remedies and supplements, sometimes I have to throw my hands up in the air and admit I have no idea what the body is trying to do! But, I always appreciate working with the individual through the issues side by side. I am just as invested in their health as they are!
It is all worth it to have that client come back and say how good they feel - how much relief they have - and how boring their health issues are! So if you have considered the GAPS diet before or even tried it for a little while, I encourage you to take another look. It is certainly not easy but nothing worthwhile ever is and you really are strong than you think.
Plain and simple.
And until I find that magic pill that makes gut dysbiosis go away in a day I will keep recommending it.
To Your Health!
Kathryn Doran-Fisher, ND, CGP
Kathryn Doran-Fisher is a Board Certified Naturopathic Doctor and has been seeing clients for natural health consultations and therapies for more than 6 years. Most recently Kathryn has received training from world renowned author and practitioner Dr. Natasha Campbell-McBride in 2012 to become a Certified GAPS Practitioner for dealing with the connection between gut health and our mental/physical ailments. Kathryn has done numerous public speaking engagements, taught several classes on natural health for the community, is an instructor for a naturopathic school, maintains a website and blog about natural health, has written several articles for local publication and is a highly respected professional in her field.